福彩快三是怎么玩—Android 基于ksoap2的webservice请求的学习

 【学习阶段】

  • WebService网络请求?

    其实我也是第一次遇到,之所以有这个需要是因为一些与 ERP 相关的业务,需要用到这样的一个请求方式。

  • 开始学习WebService 

  ①当然是百度搜索,这里找了一个学习的甘肃快三精准计划 —主页客  http://blog.csdn.net/swjtugiser/article/details/76840353

   使用 ksoap2 框架请求 ,jar 包下载地址   http://simpligility.github.io/ksoap2-android/getting-started.html  福彩快三是怎么玩,放在Project 模式的  libs 目录下。

           根据以上地址进行学习。

 

  ②在开发的过程中我们频繁的用到 网络请求,所以我们最好能封装成像okhttp一样的类。 

  1 package com.example.aust_app;
  2 
  3 
  4 /*Created by wqy on 2019/11/8.*/
  5 
  6 import android.content.Context;
  7 import android.os.AsyncTask;
  8 
  9 import org.ksoap2.SoapEnvelope;
 10 import org.ksoap2.serialization.SoapObject;
 11 import org.ksoap2.serialization.SoapSerializationEnvelope;
 12 import org.ksoap2.transport.HttpTransportSE;
 13 
 14 public class WebRequest {
 15 
 16     private  String SOAP_ACTION="http://WebXml.com.cn/getRegionProvince";  //可以设置一些默认值
 17     private  String NAMESPACE="http://WebXml.com.cn/";
 18     private  String METHOD_NAME="getRegionProvince";
 19     private  String URL="http://ws.webxml.com.cn/WebServices/WeatherWS.asmx?WSDL";
 20 
 21     WebRequest request = null;
 22     Context context = null;
 23 
 24 
 25     public WebRequest(Context context) {
 26         this.context = context;
 27     }
 28 
 29     public static  WebRequest init(Context context){
 30         return new WebRequest(context);
 31     }
 32 
 33     public String getSOAP_ACTION() {
 34         return SOAP_ACTION;
 35     }
 36 
 37     public WebRequest setSOAP_ACTION(String SOAP_ACTION) {
 38         this.SOAP_ACTION = SOAP_ACTION;
 39         return this;
 40     }
 41 
 42     public String getNAMESPACE() {
 43         return NAMESPACE;
 44     }
 45 
 46     public WebRequest setNAMESPACE(String NAMESPACE) {
 47         this.NAMESPACE = NAMESPACE;
 48         return this;
 49     }
 50 
 51     public String getMETHOD_NAME() {
 52         return METHOD_NAME;
 53     }
 54 
 55     public WebRequest setMETHOD_NAME(String METHOD_NAME) {
 56         this.METHOD_NAME = METHOD_NAME;
 57         return this;
 58     }
 59 
 60     public String getURL() {
 61         return URL;
 62     }
 63 
 64     public WebRequest setURL(String URL) {
 65         this.URL = URL;
 66         return this;
 67     }
 68 
 69     private SoapObject getInformation(){
 70         SoapObject request=new SoapObject(NAMESPACE,METHOD_NAME);
 71 
 72         SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11);
 73         envelope.setOutputSoapObject(request);
 74         try{
 75             HttpTransportSE transportSE=new HttpTransportSE(URL);
 76             transportSE.call(SOAP_ACTION,envelope);
 77             SoapObject result=(SoapObject)envelope.bodyIn; //获取到返回的结果,并强制转换成SoapObject对象
 78             SoapObject test = (SoapObject)result.getProperty(0); //该对象中还嵌套了一个SoapObject对象,需要使用getProperty(0)把这个对象提取出来
 79             return test;
 80         }catch (Exception e){
 81             e.printStackTrace();
 82         }
 83         return null;
 84     }
 85 
 86     SoapObject result; //在子线程中请求webservice
 87     class DownloadTask extends AsyncTask<Void,Integer,Boolean> {
 88 
 89         @Override
 90         protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... voids) {
 91             result = getInformation();
 92             return null;
 93         }
 94 
 95         @Override
 96         protected void onPostExecute(Boolean aBoolean) {
 97             StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
 98             //解析返回的数据
 99             for(int i=0;i<result.getPropertyCount();i++){
100                 builder.append(result.getProperty(i));
101             }
102             if (postExecute!=null){
103                 postExecute.getResult(builder.toString());
104             }
105         }
106     }
107 
108     public void execute(){
109         new DownloadTask().execute();
110     }
111 
112     PostExecuteListener postExecute;
113     interface PostExecuteListener{
114         void getResult(String result);
115     }
116 
117     public PostExecuteListener getPostExecute() {
118         return postExecute;
119     }
120 
121     public WebRequest setPostExecuteListener(PostExecuteListener postExecute) {
122         this.postExecute = postExecute;
123         return this;
124     }
125 }

 

  ③在Activity中使用这样的类

 WebRequest.init(this).setURL("url").setNAMESPACE("namespace").setMETHOD_NAME("methodName")
                .setSOAP_ACTION("soapAction").setPostExecuteListener(new WebRequest.PostExecuteListener() {
            @Override
            public void getResult(String result) {
                Toast.makeText(Main2Activity.this, ""+result, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        }).execute();

 

 【开发阶段】

  以上是学习阶段,利用别人给的测试接口进行测试,并且进行一定的封装使用,一系列没有任何问题。然后再去进入自己开发阶段。【解决问题⬇🔽⬇】

  • 以上遇到的四个参数  URL(请求地址),METHOD_NAME(请求方法名),NAMESPACE(命名空间),SOAP_ACTION(这个我就不知道是什么)

     但我发现 SOAP_ACTION 好像是 NAMESPACE + METHOD_NAME 。不知道我请求的地址刚好是这样还是如何,但是也有看到是 空值的,但是我空值不通过,我采用的是这样方式。

  • 这次学习中并没有讲到 请求头 和 请求参数,那这些怎么传呢?

     百度搜索 福彩快三是怎么玩—Android ksoap2 可以参考一下这个链接 

    【1】http://blog.csdn.net/fjnu_se/article/details/90647663 可以得到参数传递的方式

     

 

     【2】http://muzicafan.com/bdsdkrb/p/9258099.html

     

 

  • 修改请求类 

  1 package com.example.aust_app;
  2 
  3 
  4 /*Created by wqy on 2019/11/8.*/
  5 
  6 import android.content.Context;
  7 import android.os.AsyncTask;
  8 
  9 import com.example.aust_app.utils.LogUtil;
 10 import com.example.aust_app.utils.ShareUtils;
 11 import com.example.aust_app.utils.ToastTool;
 12 
 13 import org.ksoap2.HeaderProperty;
 14 import org.ksoap2.SoapEnvelope;
 15 import org.ksoap2.serialization.SoapObject;
 16 import org.ksoap2.serialization.SoapSerializationEnvelope;
 17 import org.ksoap2.transport.HttpTransportSE;
 18 
 19 import java.util.ArrayList;
 20 import java.util.Map;
 21 import java.util.Set;
 22 
 23 public class WebRequest {
 24 
 25     private String SOAP_ACTION = "";
 26     private String NAMESPACE = "";
 27     private String METHOD_NAME = "";
 28     private String URL = "http://ip/name.asmx";
 29 
 30     WebRequest request = null;
 31     Context context = null;
 32 
 33     public WebRequest(Context context) {
 34         this.context = context;
 35         URL = ShareUtils.getURL(context);
 36         if (URL.equals(""))
 37             ToastTool.showShortToast("请配置正确请求地址");
 38 
 39     }
 40 
 41     public static WebRequest init(Context context) {
 42         return new WebRequest(context);
 43     }
 44 
 45     public String getSOAP_ACTION() {
 46         return SOAP_ACTION;
 47     }
 48 
 49     public WebRequest setSOAP_ACTION(String SOAP_ACTION) {
 50         this.SOAP_ACTION = SOAP_ACTION;
 51         return this;
 52     }
 53 
 54     public String getNAMESPACE() {
 55         return NAMESPACE;
 56     }
 57 
 58     public WebRequest setNAMESPACE(String NAMESPACE) {
 59         this.NAMESPACE = NAMESPACE;
 60         return this;
 61     }
 62 
 63     public String getMETHOD_NAME() {
 64         return METHOD_NAME;
 65     }
 66 
 67     public WebRequest setMETHOD_NAME(String METHOD_NAME) {
 68         this.METHOD_NAME = METHOD_NAME;
 69         SOAP_ACTION += METHOD_NAME;
 70         return this;
 71     }
 72 
 73     public String getURL() {
 74         return URL;
 75     }
 76 
 77     public WebRequest setURL(String URL) {
 78         this.URL = URL;
 79         return this;
 80     }
 81 
 82 
 83     private SoapObject getInformation() {
 84         SoapObject request = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, METHOD_NAME);
 85 
 86         if (queryParamsMap != null && queryParamsMap.size() > 0) {
 87             Set<String> keys = queryParamsMap.keySet();
 88             for (String queryKey : keys) {
 89                 request.addProperty(queryKey, queryParamsMap.get(queryKey));
 90             }
 91             LogUtil.logi("param", "" + queryParamsMap);
 92         }
 93 
 94         SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11);
 95         envelope.setOutputSoapObject(request);
 96         envelope.dotNet = true;//很重要
 97         try {
 98             HttpTransportSE transportSE = new HttpTransportSE(URL);
 99             if (headParamsMap != null)
100                 transportSE.call(SOAP_ACTION, envelope, addHeadProperty(headParamsMap));
101             else
102                 transportSE.call(SOAP_ACTION, envelope);
103             SoapObject result = (SoapObject) envelope.bodyIn; //获取到返回的结果,并强制转换成SoapObject对象
104             return result;
105         } catch (Exception e) {
106             e.printStackTrace();
107             if (postExecute != null) {
108                 postExecute.onError(e.toString());
109             }
110 
111         }
112         return null;
113     }
114 
115     SoapObject result; //在子线程中请求webservice
116 
117     class DownloadTask extends AsyncTask<Void, Integer, Boolean> {
118 
119         @Override
120         protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... voids) {
121             result = getInformation();
122             return null;
123         }
124 
125         @Override
126         protected void onPostExecute(Boolean aBoolean) {
127             StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
128             //解析返回的数据
129             if (result != null)
130                 for (int i = 0; i < result.getPropertyCount(); i++) {
131                     builder.append(result.getProperty(i));
132                 }
133             LogUtil.logi("result", "" + builder.toString());
134             if (postExecute != null) {
135                 postExecute.getResult(builder.toString());
136             }
137         }
138     }
139 
140     public void execute() {
141         new DownloadTask().execute();
142     }
143 
144     PostExecuteListener postExecute;
145 
146     interface PostExecuteListener {
147         void getResult(String result);
148 
149         void onError(String result);
150     }
151 
152     public PostExecuteListener getPostExecute() {
153         return postExecute;
154     }
155 
156     public WebRequest setPostExecuteListener(PostExecuteListener postExecute) {
157         this.postExecute = postExecute;
158         return this;
159     }
160 
161     Map<String, Object> queryParamsMap;
162     Map<String, Object> headParamsMap;
163 
164     public Map<String, Object> getQueryParamsMap() {
165         return queryParamsMap;
166     }
167 
168     public WebRequest setQueryParamsMap(Map<String, Object> queryParamsMap) {
169         this.queryParamsMap = queryParamsMap;
170         return this;
171     }
172 
173     public Map<String, Object> getHeadParamsMap() {
174         return headParamsMap;
175     }
176 
177     public WebRequest setHeadParamsMap(Map<String, Object> headParamsMap) {
178         this.headParamsMap = headParamsMap;
179         return this;
180     }
181 
182     public ArrayList<HeaderProperty> addHeadProperty(Map<String, Object> headerParamsMap) {
183         ArrayList<HeaderProperty> headerProperty = new ArrayList<>();
184         //添加head参数
185         if (headerParamsMap != null && headerParamsMap.size() > 0) {
186             Set<String> keys = headerParamsMap.keySet();
187             for (String headerKey : keys) {
188                 headerProperty.add(new HeaderProperty(headerKey, (String) headerParamsMap.get(headerKey)));
189             }
190         }
191         return headerProperty;
192     }
193 
194 }

 

  • 在Activity中使用

        Map<String, Object> param = new HashMap<>();
        param.put("param", {{参数}});
      
        WebRequest.init(this)
                .setMETHOD_NAME("QueryItem")
                .setQueryParamsMap(param)
                .setPostExecuteListener(new WebRequest.PostExecuteListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void getResult(String result) {
                       
                        LogUtil.logi("TAG", result);//拿到返回结果
                       
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(String result) {
                        //请求错误的接口
                        ToastTool.showShortToast("请求发生错误!");
                    }
                })
                .execute();


 

 

【最后问题】

  在传参方式,四个参数都准备完毕的时候,遇到了一个问题就是:可以请求无参数的方法是成功的,但是有参数的后台方法请求得到的参数都是为空的。

这里一个很重要的就是(我是通过如下方式解决的,Java和PHP都要设置这样的一个属性)

  envelope.dotNet = true;

  但在百度的时候解决方法也有很多,比如,命名空间后面要加 “/” ,如果以上方式并未成功,建议参考如下方式:

  

 

 【最后最后】

  温馨提示:webservice 也是网络请求,福彩快三是怎么玩—Android 清单文件不要忘记加 网络访问 的权限 。

 

posted @ 2019-11-12 22:49  withJoy  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏
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